Camp Wallaroo and Ordnance Dumps
Duaringa State Forest
- Military camp
Duaringa State Forest, Duaringa 4712
Between mid 1942 and early 1944 Rockhampton was home to two of the four full US Army Divisions (the 24th, 32nd and 41st Infantry divisions, and the 1st Cavalry Division) which trained in Queensland During World War II. The 41st Division arrived in Rockhampton in July 1942 and was accommodated in Camp Rockhampton, and the 24th Infantry Division arrived in Rockhampton in September 1943 and was accommodated in Camp Caves. Both divisions were part of the US I (1st) Corps under Major General Robert L. Eichelberger, his headquarters having arrived in Rockhampton in August 1942.
An ordnance dump was located inland from Rockhampton, north of the Central Railway line, to the west of Duaringa near Wallaroo. The land for the camp site and motor pool (Area ‘A’, located north of the Capricorn Highway, to the east of Wabbler Road) and the northern ordnance dump (Area ‘B’, located about 5 km northwest of Area ‘A’) was acquired in July 1942, while the land for the southern ordnance dump (Area ‘C’, located north of the Capricorn Highway, about 4km west of Wabbler Road) was acquired in December 1942. The last unit in occupation was the 636 Ordnance Company, an African-American unit, and all areas were vacated 1 January 1944.
Buildings in the camp area included a mess kitchen, bathhouse, recreation building, administration building, two water tanks and 4 latrines. Construction was carried out by the Public Works Department, RL Schofield and troop labour. A 108′ (33m) high timber fire watch tower was constructed by the Public Works Department just northwest of Area ‘B’.
Duaringa State Forest WWII camp-post and wire near 1943 tower, Reported Place 23997, Queensland Heritage Register.
"Duaringa State Forest WWII camp-radio/lookout tower footings with names and date 1943, Reported Place 23998, Queensland Heritage Register.
"Duaringa State Forest WWII camp-track past 1943 tower footings", Reported Place 23999, Queensland Heritage Register.
McCarthy, D. 1959. Australia in the War of 1939–1945. Series 1 - Army. “Volume V – South-West Pacific Area – First Year: Kokoda to Wau."
Dexter, D. 1961. Australia in the War of 1939–1945. Series 1 - Army. “Volume VI – The New Guinea Offensives.
Charlton, P. 1991. South Queensland WWII 1941–45, Boolarong, Brisbane.
National Archives of Australia, various items, control symbols MAP 51, MAP 52, and MAP 133.
41st Infantry Division (United States), Wikipedia.
24th Infantry Division (United States), Wikipedia.
Names in footings: 'J.W. McKinlay April 1943 Comet'; 'N. Hornsby[?] Mackay'; 'A. Thomas'; 'R. Kead service Mackay'; 'G.D. Saith'; 'R. Keanne, Sarina 9/4/43', 'Sid Easton, Brisbane April 1943'; 'L. Lowall[?]; 'W.T. Brown MW.3UR[?]; 'G.D. Smith, Mackay'.